WHAT WAS THE CIVIL WAR ABOUT?
It was about the right of slaving holding states to slave labor, specifically African slave labor.
"The Civil War started because of uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states." James McPherson
The Declaration of Independence United States:The second paragraph in the Declaration of Independence states, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.
Troubled by both the possibility of the " Abolitionists and their allies gaining control of the House of Representives" and the possible election of a Republican president who had expressed a desire to do away with the institution of slavery, members of the slave holding states were prepared to abandon the Union.
What follows are quotes from speeches given by the president of the confederacy demonstrating slavery to be the reason for the secession:
Speech Nov 16 1858
"It seems now to be probable that the Abolitionists and their allies will have control of the next House of Representatives, and it may be well inferred from their past course that they will attempt legislature both injurious and offensive to the south."
"But should the next House of Representatives be such as would elect an Abolition President, we may expect that the election will be so conducted as probably to defeat a choice by the people and devolve the election upon the House."
"Whether by the House or by the people, if an Abolitionist be chosen president of the United States, you will have presented to you the question of whether you will permit the government to pass into the hands of your avowed and implacable enemies"
"...I will state my own position to be that such a result would be a species of revolution by which the purposes of the Government would be destroyed and the observances of its mere forms entitled to no respect."
"The master mind of the so-called Republican party, Senator Seward, has in a recent speech at Rochester, announced the purpose of his party to dislodge the Democracy from the possession of the federal Government, and assigns as a reason the friendship of that party for what he denominates the slave system. He declares the Union between the States having slave labor and free labor to be incompatible, and announces that one or the other must disappear. "
"It has been a conviction of pressing necessity, it has been a belief that we are to be deprived in the Union of the rights which our fathers bequeathed to us, which has brought Mississippi into her present decision. She has heard proclaimed the theory that all men are created free and equal, and this made the basis of an attack upon her social institutions; and the sacred Declaration of Independence has been invoked to maintain the position of the equality of the races. "
He recommends Revolt should the enemy control The House of Representatives:
"In that event, in such manner as should be most expedient, I should deem it your duty to provide for your safety outside of a Union with those how have already shown the will, and would have acquired the power, to deprive you of your birthright and to reduce you to worse than the colonial dependence of your fathers."
What follows are quotes from speeches given by the V.P. of the confederacy and citizens demonstrating slavery to be the reason for the secession:
"The new constitution has put at rest, forever, all the agitating questions relating to our peculiar institution African slavery as it exists amongst us the proper status of the negro in our form of civilization. This was the immediate cause of the late rupture and present revolution. Jefferson in his forecast, had anticipated this, as the “rock upon which the old Union would split.” He was right."
Our doctrine is this: WE ARE FIGHTING FOR INDEPENDENCE THAT OUR GREAT AND NECESSARY DOMESTIC INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY SHALL BE PRESERVED, and for the preservation of other institutions of which slavery is the groundwork. "Richmond based Southern Punch in 1864 ;(quoting "The confederate battle flag Americas' most embattled Emblem page 26)
Confederate veteran Ed Baxter unashamedly told a reunion in 1889: "in a word, the South determined to fight for her properyt right to slaves; and in order to do so it was necessary for her to resist the change which the abolitionist proposed to make under the constitution of the United States as construced by them...… Upon this issue the South went to war, I repeat that the people of the South had the right to fight for their property”;(quoting "The confederate battle flag Americas' most embattled Emblem page 27 )
Even after the war, as the Lost Cause rose, many veterans remained clear about why they had rallied to the Confederate flag. “I’ve never heard of any other cause than slavery,” wrote Confederate commander John S. Mosby. The progeny of the Confederacy repeatedly invoked slavery as the war’s cause. http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/06/what-this-cruel-war-was-over/396482/
Local self-government temporarily destroyed may be recovered and ultimately retained. The other thing for which we fought is so complex in its composition, so delicate in its breath, so incomparable in its symmetry, that, being once destroyed, it is forever destroyed. This other thing for which we fought was the supremacy of the white man’s civilization in the country which he proudly claimed his own; “in the land which the Lord his God had given him;” founded upon the white man’s code of ethics, in sympathy with the white man’s traditions and ideals. From the Confederate Vetran
In 1959 Senator Daniel of Virginia : You ask then, “Why the Confederate war?” “Why did North and South fall out?” I answer, “African slavery.” Reference